M, #9175, b. 20 September 1844
- Anecdote*: Helen Slater Wishart & William Andrew
Helen Wishart was born on 5 October 1839 in Kirkwall, Orkney Islands, the tenth and youngest child of William Lindsay Wishart and Elizabeth Barclay. Her birth record has never been found and her birth date comes from family records.
There has been some confusion regarding her name. H. Fred Wishart had her listed as Eleanor Wishart, with a nickname of ‘Elener’ or ‘Helen.’ Mary Miller McQuiston (daughter of George Miller and Margaret Wishart) gave her name as Eleanor Wishart. In contacting Helen’s descendants, however, her name was given as Helen, with the nickname of Nellie. Census records, marriage record, and references to her in old letters support that her name was Helen; her name appears as Elener Wishart in only one census record, but that is enough to support that at the time she was living some family called her by that name.
It is unknown if she was christened with the middle name of Slater, or if she, like some of her siblings, added it later on. Slater is a common name in the Orkney Islands and that may have been a link. To date we have discovered no ancestors by the name of Slater. She is identified as Helen Slater Wishart in her son George’s marriage record.
Helen married at the age of 30 years on 10 December 1869 in Glenbervie, Kincardineshire, Scotland to William Andrew,(1) born September 1847.(2,6) Her family was living at Drumlithie by Newhill; both of these villages were quite close to Glenbervie.
“1869 Marriages in the Parish of Glenbervie in the County of Kincardine, page 3”~
1869 On the Tenth day of December at Newmill After Banns according to the Forms of the Established Church of Scotland, William Andrew, Ploughman, Bachelor (signed), age 23 years, of Newmill, Parish of Glenbervie, son of John Andrew, Farm Servant (Catterman) and Jane Andrew (maiden name Leslie), AND, Helen Wishart, Domesti Servant, Spinster (signed), age 26 years, of Newmill, Parish of Glenbervie, daughter of William Lindsay Wishart (Miller) and Elizabeth Wishart (maiden name Barclay), signed by W. Gordon, Minister of Glenbervie, James Andrew (Witness) and John M. Wishart (Witness), recorded 13 December 1869 at Drumlithie by G. Main(?), Registrar”(6)
The Family of William Andrew(s)
William’s parents were John Andrew and Jean Leslie. Their marriage was recorded twice, as was the custom of the Scots, who recorded the banns and then the actual marriage. This were almost always recorded in two different parishes, one where the groom’s family lived and the other where the bride’s family lived.
John Andrew married on 21 November 1835 in Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Jean Leslie(4)
John Andrew married on 22 November 1835 in King Edward, Aberdeenshire, Scotland to Jean Leslie (5)
There are four known children, with William the third eldest. Probably there were more kids, but no record is found:
1. James Andrew b. 1841 Turriff, Aberdeenshire, Scotland(8)
2. Jean Andrew, b. 1843 Alvah, Banffshire, Scotland(7)
3. William Andrew b. 20 Sep 1844 Alvah, Banffshire, Scotland(7)
4. Mary Andrew b. 27 Feb 1849 Alvah, Banffshire, Scotland(7)
William Andrew and Helen Wishart
When the Wishart family tree was begun, only two children were known for them: William and George. It has taken some effort to identify more kids and information for them. According to the 1900 census, Helen produced six children, two of whom were living; by the 1910 census only one child was still living (George). To date I’ve identified four of the six.
The first child born was John Andrew, probably named for his paternal grandfather.
"1870 Births in the Parish of Glenbervie in the County of Kincardine, page 10:
John Andrew, born 1870 October Twenty-Eighth, 0 h 30m (12:30 AM), son of William Andrew, Ploughman and Helen Andrew (maiden name: Wishart), m. 10 Dec 1869 Newmill, Glenbervie, William Andrew, Father (present), birth recorded 31 Oct 1870 at Drumlithie by Geo. Main, Registrar"(10)
And just as quickly as John was born he died:
"1870 Deaths in the Parish of Glenbervie in the County of Forfar, page 6
John Andrew (single), age 10 hours, son of William Andrew, Ploughman, and Helen Andrew, maiden name: Wishart, cause of death: from effects of severe labour of mother, death occurring 10 hours after birth; as certified by Nancy Robertson, Surgeon, informant: William Andrew, father, not present, recorded 31 October 1870 at Drumlithie by Geo. Main, Registrar"(10)
1871 Scotland Census
Address: Cottar House On Candy, Glenbervie, Kincardineshire, Scotland
William Andrew, age 24 (b. abt 1847), b. Alva, Banffshire, Ag Lab
Hellen Andrew, age 27 (b. abt 1844), Wife, b. Kirkeoall (sic), Kirkney (sic)
Should read Kirkwall, Orkney but the transcriber didn’t know and made a best guess at some old handwriting
Excerpt from a letter written by Alexander Wishart (nephew to Helen Wishart) which makes mention of William & Helen:
Glasgow 6th Oct. 1871
My Dear Grandfather
I hope also that you are always enjoying pretty fair health, and still working away, and that Mr Andrew has got employment & fairly settled in Arbroath, and liking the town as well as the country and that Hellen & he are in good health.
Twins Born to William and Helen
The second children born were twins, William Lindsay Andrew born first at 10:50 am, probably named for grandpapa, and James Andrew was born second at 11:00 am, possibly named for Helen’s grandfather James Wishart:
"1872 Births in the District of Arbroath in the County of Forfar, Page 43
William Lindsay Andrew born March 10th, 1872, 10:50 AM, St. Vigeans Road, St. Vigeans Parish, Arbroath, Forfarshire (now, Angus County), Scotland, son of William Andrew, Railway Porter, and Helen Andrew (maiden name Wishart) m. 10 Dec 1869 Glenbervie, William Andrew, Father (present), birth recorded March 11, 1872 at Arbroath, by Alex. Webster, Registrar"(10)
"1872 Births in the District of Arbraoth, in the County of Forfar, page 44
James Andrew, born 1872 March Tenth, 11:00 AM, St. Vigeans Road, St. Vigeans Parish, son of William Andrew, Railway Porter, and Helen Andrew, maiden name Wishart, m. 1869 Novr (sic) 10th Glenbervie, William Andrew, Father (present), birth recorded March 11th, 1872 at Arbroath by Alex. Webster, Registrar"(10)
James died within hours after birth:
"1872 Deaths in the District of Arbroath in the County of Forfar, page 38
James Andrew, died 1872 March Eleventh, 3 h 35 mn (3:35 am) St. Vigeans Road, St. Vigeans Parish, 16 1/2 hours old, son of William Andrew, Railroad Porter, and Helen Andrew, maiden name: Wishart, cause of death: weakness from premature birth, duration of condition: 18 hours, certified by Charles Findlay, Surgeon, William Andrew, Father, present, recorded 12 March 1872 at Arbroath by Alex. Webster, Registrar"(10)
George Wishart is the youngest known child. Given the dates, I suspect a child was born between the twins and George with the youngest unknown child born after George.
“1877 Births in the District of Arbroath in the County of Forfar, page 149
George Barclay Andrews, born 1877 August Nine, 2h 20 mn (2:20) AM, George? Street, St. Vigeans, son of William Andrews, Porter at ------ ? Railway, and Helen Andrews, maiden name: Wishart, (married) 1869 Oct (sic) 10th Glenbervie, William Andrews, Father (present), recorded 1877 August 16th at Arbroath by (name illegible) Registrar”(10)
1881 Scotland Census
Address: 9 Gowan Street, Arbroath, St. Vigeans Parish, Angus County, Scotland
William Andrew, age 33 (b. abt 1848), Head, b. Alva, Banffshire
Ellen Andrew, Wife, age 37 (b. abt 1844), Wife, b. Kirkmall (sic), Orkney
William L. Andrew, age 9 (b. abt 1872), Son, b. St. Vigeans, Scholar
George B. Andrew, age 3, (b. abt 1878), Son, b. St. Vigeans
Andrews Family Comes to Pawnee - 1883
David Wishart's family was living on their farm near Johnson Creek in southern Pawnee County (he and his family had moved from Murray Township, Marshall County, Kansas, to Johnson Creek, Pawnee Cunty, Nebraska, sometime just prior to Wednesday, March 8, 1884), and the family of his sister Margaret Miller was living just outside Pawnee City. After 13 years of marriage, one of their sisters in Scotland and her husband were thinking of America. William and Helen Andrew decided to bring their two young sons to Nebraska (they began spelling their name in the American version of Andrews after they arrived).
William L. Andrews had turned 11 years of age back on March 10, and younger brother George would celebrate his sixth birthday on August 9th. Little George had been given the middle name of Barkley, a variation in the spelling of his grandmother Elizabeth's family surname, Barclay. In the summer of 1883, the four members of the Andrews family arrived in Pawnee City. On Monday, December 10, William and Helen observed their 14th wedding anniversary. It was their first in the United States.
Note: As far as we can tell, they began using the Americanized version of their name after arriving in the United States, changing from Andrew to Andrews.
1900 US Federal Census
Pawnee Precinct, Pawnee County, Nebraska
Enumerated 21 June 1900, Line 79
Andrews, William, Head, W, M, b. Sept 1847, age 52, md. Age 22, b. Scotland, Farmer, Arrived in U.S. in 1883, been here 17 years, naturalized: no
Andrews, Helen, Wife, b. Oct 1842, age 57 (huh?), married age 29, 6 children born, 2 children living, b. Scotland, both parents b. Scotland
Andrews, George, Son, b. Aug 1877, age 22, S, b. Scotland, Farm Labor
Next Door: Line 76
W.L. Andrews, Head, b. March 1873, age 27, married 4 years, b. Scotland, both parents b. Scotland, came to U.S. 1883, been here 17 years, Farmer
Hattie S. Andrews, wife, b. Sept 1878, age 27, married 4 years, 3 children born, 1 child living, b. Nebraska, fb Michigan, mb Illinois
Hazel M. Andrews, dau, b. Apr 1896, age 4, b. Nebraska
1910 US Federal Census
Balderson Twp, Marshall County, Kansas
Enumerated 15 April 1910 Line 69
Andrews, George B. Head, Male, White, age 32, married once 8 years b. Scotland, both parents b. Scotland, came to U.S. in 1881, Naturalized, Farmer
Andrews, Lena A. Wife, age 28, married once 8 years, 1 child born, 1 living, b. Germany, both parents b. Germany
Andrews, Helen E., dau, age 3, b. Kansas
Andrews, Helen S., mother, age 64, widowed, 6 children born, 1 child living, b. Scotland, both parents b. Scotland
Andrews, Radford W., nephew, age 9, b. Nebraska, fb Scotland mb U.S.
Andrews, Milo G. nephew, age 7, b. Nebraska, fb Scotland mb U.S
Note: George's brother William had died in 1904; I assume Hazel is with mother who was still living.
Helen Slater Wishart Andrew died 13 April 1916 Oketo, Marshall County, Kansas in the home of her son George.
Notes from Dick Taylor:
Helen Slater Wishart was born at Kirkwall in 1839 and later married William Andrew(s) in Scotland before they came to America about 1882-83. She was a sister-in-law of the immigrant John Taylor, who died back in 1888. During springtime of 1916 at the age of 76, the widowed Helen passed away near Oketo , KS , at the farm home of son George Barkley Andrews. As an adult, Helen was a tall woman of six-foot-two. When only 12 years old in Forfarshire, she'd already matched the height of 27-year-old Elizabeth Wishart, her eldest sister. Her father, William Lindsay Wishart, thought she was indeed quite the musician during childhood.
My final notes:
I was able to fill in specific dates on births, deaths, and marriage from records downloaded at scotlanspeople.gov.uk.
William, Helen, and their son William Lindsay are all buried in Pawnee City Cemetery.
Evidently no photograph of any of them exists, or has survived to the present day (at least that is my understanding from Dick Taylor who made requests many years ago to descendants). If any pictures exist, please do share!1
- Birth*: William Andrew was born on 20 September 1844 at Alvah, Banffshire, Scotland.1
- Marriage*: He married Helen Slater Wishart, daughter of William Lindsay Wishart and Elizabeth Barclay, on Friday, 10 December 1869 at Glenbervie, Kincardineshire, Scotland.1
Last Edited: 14 Apr 2015
- [S9] Website Ancestry.co.uk (www.ancestry.co.uk) Ancestry contributor lisastalnaker2 Wishart Tree [Jan 2012].