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John Adamson1

M, #11841, b. 1809, d. 1870
Last Edited: 20 Apr 2015
"Dr. John Adamson1845" by Probably Robert Adamson

Parents:

Father*: Alexander Adamson1 b. c 1773, d. 1 Nov 1841
Mother*: Rachel Melville1 b. c 1781, d. 14 Oct 1871
  • (Witness) Wiki: He was mentioned in the wiki entry John Adamson (physician)
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Dr. John Adamson
    Born 1809 St Andrews, Scotland
    Died 1870
    Occupation Physician, Photographer, Physicist, Lecturer, Museum curator
    Known for First calotype portrait in Scotland
    Relatives Robert Adamson (brother)
    Dr. John Adamson (1809–1870) was a Scottish physician, pioneer photographer, physicist, lecturer and museum curator. He was a highly respected figure in St Andrews, and was responsible for producing the first calotype portrait in Scotland in 1841. He taught the process to his brother, the famous pioneering photographer Robert Adamson. He was curator of the Literary and Philosophical Society Museum at St. Andrews from 1838 until his death.
    Biography
    Adamson was born in St Andrews, and grew up in Burnside, the son of John Adamson, Sr., a Fife farmer and his wife, Rachael Melville.[1]
    Adamson, circa 1845
    Adamson was educated in the University of St Andrews and University of Edinburgh, graduating with a diploma in Surgery in 1829.[2] He moved to Paris, where he opened up a practice and was then employed as a ship's surgeon on a voyage to China.[2] He returned to St Andrews in 1835, where he set up practice permanently. Adamson became heavily involved with Brewster at the university, studying the calotype and also became a lecturer and curator of the university museum.[1] The older brother of pioneering photographer Robert Adamson, it was John who produced the first calotype portrait in Scotland at the Royal Museum in Edinburgh in May 1841 (various sources also say May 1840 or May 1842[3][4]), with his close associate, physicist David Brewster of the University of St Andrews.[1] Adamson "discovered how to control a process that remained remarkably difficult."[4] John was also responsible for educating Robert in the process which he later used to produce some 2500 calotypes with David Octavius Hill between 1843 and 1848.[5][6][7] Through Brewster, Adamson was in close contact with Henry Fox Talbot who invented the process.[8] He obtained a Master's Degree in 1843.[2] He was also a member and the curator of the St Andrews Literary and Philosophical Society museum from 1838 until his death.[2][3]
    There is a blue plaque in his honour on his home at 127 South Street in St Andrews, where he lived from 1848 to 1865. It says "He was a physician and pioneer photographer. In 1841 he took the first caloptype portrait. He also taught his brother Robert and Thomas Rodger the technique and art of photography. A town councillor, he was a tireless worker for public health, and the hospital here is, in part, his memorial."[9][10] His home became the main post office of St Andrews from 1907, but in 2012 it was converted into a restaurant, named The Adamson.[11]
    References
    Hill, David Octavius; Adamson, Robert; Ovenden, Graham (1973). Hill & Adamson photographs. Academy Editions. p. 6. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
    "Dr John Adamson M.D. of St Andrews.". University of St Andrews. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    "Adamson, John (1809–1870)". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    Stevenson, Sara (1 January 2003). Facing the light: the photography of Hill & Adamson. Scottish National Portrait Gallery. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-903278-32-1. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    Lawson, Julie; McKenzie, Ray; Morrison-Low, A. D. (June 1994). Photography 1900: the Edinburgh symposium : the proceedings of the Conference of the European Society for the History of Photography in association with the Scottish Society for the History of Photography : Edinburgh, 24–26 September 1992. Scottish Society for the History of Photography, National Museums of Scotland. p. 19. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    Hannavy, John (4 March 2008). Fox Talbot: An Illustrated Life of Willian Henry Fox Talbot, 'Father of Modern Photography', 1800 -1877. Osprey Publishing. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-7478-0351-5. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    Hutchinson Encyclopedia 8th Edition (1988), p.10
    National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland (1988). ROSC. John Donald Publishers, and National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. p. 65. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    Blue Plaque for John Adamson
    Plaque #11051 on Open Plaques.
    "Story". The Adamson. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
    Categories: Scottish photographersScottish physicistsScottish curatorsAlumni of the University of St Andrews Academics of the University of St Andrews Alumni of the University of Edinburgh People from St Andrews 19th-century Scottish medical doctors 1809 births 1870 deaths Councillors in Scotland.3